Beware of ticks: these symptoms indicate a bite

Ticks may be small, but they can cause big problems. Therefore, the Rhine-Neckar Region Health Department warns once again of annoying parasites. You can protect yourself with these tips.

When it gets warm outside and winter finally bids farewell, many people are venturing back to nature. But it is precisely on such trips to the forest or in the meadow that a tick attack threatens. The annoying parasites are hardly visible and can cause major medical problems.

family name common wood
Request tick
family Shell tick (Ixodidae)

Since the time for ticks is approaching again and Heidelberg and the Rhein-Neckar region are considered danger areas, the Ministry of Health has issued a warning. It not only describes the danger of parasites, but also provides tips for protection. If you stick with it, you are more likely to avoid visiting the doctor or hospital.

Rhein Neckar-Kreis and Heidelberg are high-risk areas for tuberculosis

“Gemeine Holzbock” not only sounds like an unpleasant fellow, but it’s also the name of the most common tick in the area. The animals are between 2.5 and 4 millimeters long. The female can also lay between 2,000 and 3,000 eggs per year. The “wooden goats” have a very sophisticated perforating and sucking device – which they like to use on neglected people and animals.

Tick ​​alert: Parasites lurk here

Ticks wait patiently in nature, near the ground on the lawn or bushes. If the prey approaches, the spider will attack. But because they are so small, most people don’t even notice them – which makes protecting against them very complicated. “The best protection is to prevent a bite,” says Bettina Winter, MD, an infection control doctor for the Rhine-Neckar Region Department of Health.

Since ticks look for good places for their victims to bond to themselves, the doctor also has important advice. When staying in nature, you should wear light-colored clothes and long pants with legs and sleeves. Then the parasite has to look longer. And because of the light-colored clothes, there is a chance to find it when searching.

Experts advise: How to protect yourself from ticks

Tick ​​sprays also help fight stinging monsters. “The active ingredients in the sprays ensure that the tick no longer realizes it is a proper meal and drops itself again,” Winter explains. But even if you follow these tips, a tick bite can still occur.

Therefore, it is important to examine yourself well after spending time in nature. The same applies to children or animals. Especially parts of the body with thin skin such as the back of the knees and crook of the elbow, as well as the stomach and groin should be examined. In children, the head region is also a potential target for ticks. The AHA tag applies here:

  • AHA ticks:
  • A: Anti-tick sprays keep animals in place for some time
  • H: Long, light-coloured clothing and sturdy shoes make it more difficult to reach the appropriate skin areas
  • A: The body is searched after leaving it

How to remove ticks

“Hold the tick closely and pull it out with a slow pull. Then sterilize the puncture site and observe it for several weeks,” advises Dr. winter. Because once a tick bites, its saliva can transmit pathogens that cause diseases. Lyme disease and tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) are particularly common.

“Symptoms at first are similar to those of a simple flu infection. Up to two weeks after the bite, there is a general feeling of illness, fever, headache and body aches,” the infection control expert explains. For most of those infected, the infection was over.

It is possible to develop severe symptoms after a tick bite

However, about 30 percent can develop meningitis and nervous system infection. Possible symptoms include recurrent fever, nausea, vomiting, nervous system failure with paralysis, difficulty swallowing, and difficulty breathing and speaking. Long-term consequences can also include paralysis, headaches or a deep feeling of fatigue — some of which never go away, reports HEIDELBERG24*.

Anyone outside should protect themselves from ticks.

© Patrick Ball / dpa

About one percent of patients who develop inflammation of the nervous system as a result of a tick bite die as a result. Additionally, the cause cannot be cured. It is only possible to treat the symptoms.

Vaccination against tuberculosis protects against serious complications of a tick bite

“Caution is the best medicine! Says Dr. Ann Kohn, Head of Health Protection. STIKO has also recommended tuberculosis vaccination for everyone who has been living in a high-risk area – such as the Rhein-Neckar region – for years.

Unfortunately, the vaccination rate for people over 60 years old is low, although they are at greater risk of a tick bite. The basic immunization consists of only three vaccines. Protection must be renewed after three to five years. Dr. says. In bold. (PM / AED) * HEIDELBERG24 is an offer by IPPEN.MEDIA

List of rules: © Patrick Pleul / dpa

Leave a Comment