These wild animals live in the German forests

The forest creates the basis for all life on this earth. Trees consume carbon dioxide and produce the oxygen that is necessary for us. The forest also provides a habitat for many plant and animal species. Almost half of all animal species live in rainforests alone. [1] However, more than 6000 different mammals, insects, reptiles, birds and other animals also live in our native forests, all of which have their own mission in the ecosystem. [2]

Here you can learn about the animals that live in the German forests and how they coexist successfully.

What animals live in the forest in Germany?

Animals in the German Forest


Among other things:

  • Dear
  • Wild boar
  • mice
  • foxes
  • pine marten
  • badger
  • bat
  • squirrel
  • Wolves
  • raccoon
  • bourgeois deer

Most mammals in Germany live in the forest. Famous forest inhabitants are, for example, deer and deer, wild boars, mice, foxes, pine prickles, badgers, bats and squirrels. Lynxes, flowers and wild cats are less common. The largest animal in the forest is the red deer, also known as the king of the jungle. What only a few know: the red deer originally lived in open meadows and only withdrew into protective forests due to the spread of humans. [3]

Wolves also live in German forests. After being exterminated by humans in Germany for nearly a century, the wolf returned to German forests in 2000. Although wolves are still strictly protected and play an essential role in the ecological balance of the forest, laws permit the killing of animals in individual cases.

Some species of animals that live in the original forests are called neozoa. This so-called non-native species was brought to Germany and Europe by humans and settled here. Neozoa include raccoons, raccoon dogs, mink, and fallow deer. Although they were first introduced to Germany by humans, hunters degrade and kill insects by the thousands.

the birds

Among other things:

  • album
  • Large spotted woodpecker
  • Jay
  • wooden bathroom
  • protest

Many different birds live in the so-called jungle attic. Nowhere else in Europe does the biodiversity of feathered animals have as much biodiversity as in the forest. [4] Night eagle owls, beautiful spotted woodpeckers, chirpy buccaneers and pacifying wood pigeons are just a few of Germany’s forest birds. Shelter trees and shrubs are ideal for most birds for their nests and raising their young. Walkers can usually listen to the forest birds concert before sunrise.

The jungle bird is a particularly wonderful jungle bird, but it is also very shy. Only with a lot of luck, you can see a specimen in the Bavarian Alps. The birds live there mainly in scattered coniferous forests and prefer to feed on blueberries. [5]

Reptiles, amphibians and worms

Among other things:

  • worms
  • fire salamander
  • tree frog
  • wood lizard
  • grass snakes
  • newt
  • Code
  • frogs

Many small reptiles, amphibians, and worms roam around and in the forest floor, less conspicuous than most mammals and birds, but just as important to the ecosystem. Earthworms loosen the root layer so trees and shrubs grow better. Fiery salamanders and tree frogs are also typical inhabitants of the forest floor. The wood lizard, which is the smallest of the local lizards, also lives here. It is also the only type of lizard that does not lay eggs, but rather gives birth to its young alive. [3] If you’re lucky, you’ll spot the little lizard sunning itself on a piece of wood in a space or on the edge of a forest.

Native snakes such as grass snakes also feel at home in the woods. Since most reptiles are cold-blooded animals and depend on warmth, snakes, such as lizards, are usually found in light forests where sunlight can reach the forest floor. Amphibians such as frogs, newts, toads and toads also like it warm but shaded and moist. Therefore, they often crawl into burrows when they are not visiting a water body for breeding.

Insects and spiders

Among other things:

  • wood ants
  • be crazy
  • butterflies
  • bees
  • beetle
  • firefly
  • wasps
  • tick

wood ants

dung beetle

common wood goat tick

Tick ​​(common bird)


It is said that there are more animals living on a few floors of forests than there are humans on Earth – mainly insects and spiders, of course. [3] In addition to small animals that are difficult to see with the naked eye, there are also larger specimens that most people have seen before. The typical resident is the redwood ant, a huge mound of which can be seen from afar. Ants, like foxes, are the health police of the forest as they feed on dead animals.

Spiders, butterflies, bees, beetles, fireflies and wasps also live in German forests. They all serve an important purpose in the food web of forest animals, including ticks, which are often less common in humans. They are used as food for wasp larvae, fungi, and sometimes birds. It is also believed to help in regulating the population and strengthening the immune system of animals. [6]

The bird feeds the chick with the worm

What threatens the animals in the forest?

Every animal has a mission in the forest ecosystem and is part of the natural ecosystem. Most animals feed on plants or animals and are eaten by other animals. As long as the system is rich in species and balanced, it is also stable.

However, this balance is increasingly being disturbed by human intervention. Poachers alone kill several million animals in Germany each year, disrupting the delicate ecosystem. [7] Some animal species try to compensate for these huge losses, become sexually mature earlier, and thus produce more offspring than in hunting-free areas. Other species such as the wolf were almost exterminated by hunting. The population of many animal species has more than halved since 1970. [8] Monoculture and so-called commercial forests threaten the ecological balance in many German forests.

No-hunting areas such as the Bavarian Forest National Park or the Swiss National Park have shown for years that nature is best organized on its own and does not require human influence.

How can you help the jungle animals

You see, the best way we help animals is to leave them alone. Therefore, you should behave calmly and respectfully when walking in the forest, stay on the tracks and do not be alarmed if you encounter a wolf or a wild boar – very few animals attack people. They just want to live their lives in peace.

  • sources

    [1] Adventure Rainforest (05.06.2020): Animals in the tropical rainforest,, (accessed 30.04.2021)

    [2] NABU: Facts and figures … about the forest in Germany,, (Accessed 30 April 2021)

    [3] Knowing the Planet (October 5, 2020): Animals in the Forest,, (Accessed April 30, 2021)

    [4] Nature of the experiment: Category: Birds of the Forest,, (Accessed April 30 / April), 2021)

    [5] LBV: Capercailie,, (accessed April 30, 2021)

    [6] Knowing MDR (06/03/2019): Ticks – Evolution Winners,, (Accessed 04/30/2021)

    [7] German Hunting Association: Hunting Statistics 2019/20, Republic_Germany_2019_2020.jpg, (Accessed 30 April 2021)

    [8] Westdeutsche Zeitung (13.08.2019): The number of animals in forests has decreased dramatically over decades, Fallen_aid -45037667 (Accessed 04/30/2021).

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