A large poisonous spider is spreading: is the tarantula also coming to Germany?

  • toOlaf Kobacic


Tarantulas in southern Russia invaded the Czech Republic and Austria. Will the big venomous spider set its sights on Germany next?

It is an example of spider terror. And her name and her sight cause intense terror not only for those suffering from arachnophobia. Movies like Jack Arnold’s 1955 Tarantula or Stuart Hageman’s Tarantula – They Come to Kill (1977) cemented the horrific reputation of the big eight-legged creatures. One of these poisonous spiders has been spreading far from its native habitat, the steppes of Eurasia, for years – to neighboring German countries such as the Czech Republic or Austria. To the horror of many, is the tarantula in southern Russia likely to reach Germany like a crooked spider?

The tarantula in the south of Russia also frightens people with its colossal size. The length of the females reaches four centimeters, and the length of the leg is up to seven centimeters. This is the one that belongs to the family of wolf spiders Likuza Singorensis Next to the desert tarantula and the Greek tube spider, the largest representative of the web spider in Europe. No wonder there is panic in Austria as suddenly more animals have appeared in parts of the country.

Kindly South Russian Tarantula (Lycosa singoriensis)
family wolf spiders
Body length / leg extension Up to four centimeters / Up to seven centimeters
incident in europe Austria, Czech Republic, Slovenia, Slovakia, Hungary, Russia, Republic of Moldova, Ukraine, Belarus, Bosnia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania
food Arthropods, smaller vertebrates

Poisonous spider conquers Austria: is this tarantula also coming to Germany?

Unlike the deadliest spider in the world, which is repeatedly forced to evacuate supermarkets in Germany, the South Russian tarantula is not at all aggressive. On the contrary: the feared animal is daytime and hides in its burrows during the day. And unlike all the horror movies, like the desert monster, humans definitely aren’t on his list, just other arthropods or smaller vertebrates. That’s why Austrian spider expert Gerhard Polachek says otherwise today: “Even if you meet the animal, there is no need to be afraid.”

The fact that spiders are now increasingly common in countries far from their original origin is a consequence of global warming, the restriction of their usual habitats and the ever-increasing globalization. Thus, by his actions, man brings animals into the country which he does not necessarily want. Great Britain could sing a song about it. Thanks to the introduced spider, its bite can lead to amputation or even death in humans for a very special reason.

The South Russian Tarantula in Germany – what is the probability?

Whoever was bitten by a southern Russian tarantula must first have disturbed the animal to the point of blood – as must the small tarantula that lives in Germany. Even then, an antidote is not needed: temporary pain, redness and swelling at the site of the bite and any associated fever subside quickly. Dr. Christian Kombusch, a specialist in arachnids at the Institute of Animal Ecology and Natural Regional Planning in Graz, points out to RTL that the bite can be easily treated with a high dose of calcium and heat.

The super power of the tarantula in southern Russia

Tarantula hairs in southern Russia allow it to swim while crossing large rivers and stay on the surface of the water for up to a week. It can also stay in its burrow for a long time even if it is completely submerged in water.

But what about the tarantulas in southern Russia and Germany now that they have been spotted more and more in the neighboring Czech Republic? Would people in this country also have to live with the big eight-legged creature as with the nurse’s thorn-toe, which is also poisonous? Komposch calms down, but keeps the final answer open – by telling RTL: “Global warming helps species. It may continue to make progress westward – but the probability is not very high.”

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