Raising children: There are 3 known parenting styles

  • subordinate authoritarian The method of raising children
  • subordinate democracy The method of raising children
  • subordinate The laissez-faire method of education
  • useful information

The question that arises when your child is born at the latest: How do I raise my child? Psychologist Kurt Lewin also addressed this question and developed a framework for three different parenting techniques.

authoritarian style of education

Basically, Kurt Lewin distinguished between three parenting styles: authoritarian parenting style, democratic parenting style, and non-interfering parenting style. The authoritarian style of education is the method in which the educator is the authority. “authoritarianIt means something like ‘dominant’ and ‘tyrant.’ It has the child’s opinion, Gives orders It defines what the child should and should not do. The educator does not act personally, but rather far.

Every parenting style influences a child’s behaviour. The child’s freedom of action and creativity is severely restricted by the authority of the educator. Often children orient themselves only to what the teachers tell them and do nothing spontaneously or on their own initiative. It can also happen that children who grow up under this style of parenting act more aggressively and present themselves as more positive by consciously pointing out other children’s weaknesses. However, style can also have positive effects: children learn to behave in a disciplined manner, they may be able to adapt better to the world of work and they are also given clear values ​​and rules.

a Example To behave this way: The child does not like the food that has been cooked. Hence, he does not want to eat anymore. “If you don’t eat, you will sleep hungry tomorrow,” says the father.

Democratic method of education

The so-called democratic style of education stands in direct contrast to the authoritarian style. Therefore it is often referred to as “against tyrannyHere the educator is not the specific person, but rather involves the child in all decisions, so the goal is a Teamwork. Here, future tasks and activities are discussed frankly with the child; It also talks about the goals that are pursued through actions. Children are encouraged to to make own decisions and finding new solutions. Educators justify their actions and statements, praising the facts They also criticize. The extent to which a child is able to have a say in decisions also depends on the individual age of the child.

Like all parenting styles, this style affects children’s future behavior. Children who are raised democratically very creative Can comment based on issues. In addition, they are able to solve problems on your own And act responsibly. There is often also a file high self-esteem And observing a high level of self-confidence among children who were brought up democratically. The problem here may be that children like to discuss everything and this often requires a lot of patience and time from the parents. In addition, children may not want to accept rules or boundaries in everyday life.

a Example To behave this way: The child comes home badly. The parent and child sit together and think about how to tackle the problem; For example with teaching or learning together.

Parenting style “laissez-faire”

The word “Laissez-faire” comes from French and means something like “let’s doThe teacher remains largely under this banner withdrawn and passive. Children can live freely while educators do not interfere. Your task is to provide the child with materials and, if necessary, a help admits. However, they tend to be neutral and conservative. The goal is to make the child a ‘baby’.

Children who grow up under this parenting style can do something at first looks lostbut gradually take over one Productive and effective and increase their personal responsibility. However, it can also happen that children perceive this style as excessive and do not positively overcome it, but rather bored, frustrated or angry react.

a Example For the behavior of this pattern: If a child helps clean the table, he will not be praised. However, he is not punished if he refuses to eat or does not sit at the dining table.

additional information

The three parenting styles are concepts that can help designate parenting for a species. However, the goal is not to put everyone in a drawer and assign them to a category. Of course there is Mixed shapes and overlaps in patterns.

Word “education” It can be defined in different ways. The German social, educational, and health scientist Klaus Hurlmann understands the term as follows: “Education can be understood as an attempt to influence (interference) through Personal improvement and perfection The teacher is to be achieved. The educational goals you target are personally influenced by teachers, which are the preferred characteristics of today’s teens Honesty, independence, responsibility and self-confidence“Educators” also mean parents, teachers, relatives or friends who have an educational influence on the child, and who are to support the child in developing into a stable and independent individual.

If you have these three concepts in mind, you can Think better about your parenting behavior and be aware of your actions. Concepts can help you, your actions to reconsider or even change. It is not possible to generalize which parenting style is best. Ultimately, it is up to you which parental behavior you deem to be correct and which you prefer.

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