Best tips and tricks

How does sunburn happen?

Sun exposure is healthy and important for our body. But only if we do it in moderation, otherwise it’s not healthy. If we spend a lot of time in the sun, it can Painful and uncomfortable sunburn. However, this does not appear in everyone immediately. People with fair skin are more likely to get sunburn than people with darker skin and more pigmentation. But how does that actually happen? Invisible ultraviolet rays, also called ultraviolet rays, are responsible for this.

Ultraviolet rays consist of UV-A, UV-B and UV-C. UV-A has long wavelengths and can penetrate particularly well into the skin and elastic connective tissues. As a result, skin aging is accelerated. However, UV rays are responsible for the actual sunburnIt is active and short-wavelength. The radiation is most intense when the sun is very high in the sky. This is the time of day when you are most likely to get a sunburn. However, the most dangerous are ultraviolet-C rays, which are largely intercepted by the ozone layer of the atmosphere.

What happens to the skin when you get a sunburn?

Sunburn is very painful, but why? What happens to our skin when we get sunstroke? The areas of skin most affected by the sun become inflamed and cell damage occurs. In response, the blood vessels dilate, which causes unpleasant and painful redness on the skin.

It is important to say that sunburn It cannot be felt or seen immediately. In most cases you get it first Three to six hours After staying in the sun with. After about 24 hours This is when the condition gets worse and the skin peels off and may peel off afterwards.

Sunburn: These are the most common symptoms

Sunburn is not always sunburn, because there Different degrees of burning. Below are the symptoms for grades 1 to 3 that will help you determine what type of sunburn you have.

Symptoms of a first degree sunburn:


  • red
  • Itch
  • burns
  • warm
  • It hurts easily

Symptoms of a second degree sunburn:


  • very red
  • blisters form
  • Peeling and peeling

Symptoms of a third degree sunburn:


  • totally come
  • very burnt
  • scarred

Third degree burns can also occur Fever, circulatory problems, and nausea to be responsible. In such a situation, you should definitely go to the doctor and get specialist treatment. Steer clear of home remedies and your own experiences.

Home Remedies From Sunburn: Which Works Best?

According to the degree of burn Sunburn heals on its own after a week or two. If this is not the case, we recommend that you consult a doctor.

In the case of a mild sunburn, well-known home remedies can also provide relief and soothe the skin area or areas. But beware: If you want to be on the safe side and are not sure how home remedies will interact with your skin, seek advice from your pharmacy or doctor beforehand. This will keep you on the safe side and avoid the risk of a sunburn getting worse.

Home remedies for sunburn help treat mild burns:

Aloe vera: Aloe vera gel has a cooling effect and soothes burns and infections. Either use the pure gel or use a natural refreshing lotion with aloe vera. But other medicinal plants such as poplar buds can also help treat a painful sunburn. It also has an anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial effect. But be careful: anyone who is allergic or sensitive to medicinal plants should get their hands on it.

Quark: Quark is one of the most well-known and popular home remedies for sunburn, as it has a cooling effect on the affected area of ​​the skin. It is best to apply a layer of cold quark the thickness of a finger to the skin and cover the layer with a linen cloth. Once you notice that the quark is heating up and no longer cooling, you can apply a new layer. If you don’t have a quark ready, you can also use cold yogurt. Layers should not remain on the skin for more than 15 minutes.

black tea: It sounds strange, but black tea can also help treat sunburn. The tea soothes sun-irritated skin and can reduce flaking. For a small spot, you can place an iced tea bag on the skin, or you can soak a washcloth in iced black tea and place it over a sunburn.

drinking water: Sunburn causes the body to lose water, fluids, and moisture. So it makes sense to drink plenty of water to restore moisture. After a while, the pain can also subside a little.

Home remedies for sunburn: stay away from these remedies

Home remedies can help if the right treatments are used. To prevent sunburn from getting worse, you should definitely avoid the following home remedies.

Lemon juice or apple cider vinegar: Applying lemon juice or apple cider vinegar to the burn can further irritate and attack the wound. Particularly open areas that can appear when peeling should not come in contact with them under any circumstances. Instead of feeling comfortable, it tends to get worse.

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