These are the most dangerous animals

poisonous animals Lie in Saarland In many angles. Especially now in the spring and summer, you have to be careful when you are outdoors. Because spiders, insects and amphibians live in the federal state, which can be very dangerous to humans. We will tell you who to pay attention to.

Sam’s Warning: Nurse’s Finger Thorn

subordinate Nurse Thornfinger (Cheiracanthium punctium) is considered to be Most poisonous spider species in Central Europe. With its bite, animals can penetrate human skin and after a few minutes to one burning pain Care. Then the suffering spreads to the entire affected limb. can also DizzinessAnd feverAnd circulatory failure And goosebumps Come. The good news: the pain does not last more than 24 hours. So far, there have been no reports of deaths. If children are bitten, it is best to have them examined by a doctor. In the Saarland A nurse’s thorn toe was observed in Saarlouis-Fraulautern in 1983. Today, spiders are found mainly in the lowlands, as shown by the “Atlas der Spinen de Saarland” from 2004.

Nurse thorn toes can cause pain to humans. Photo: Patrick Bloll / dpa-Bildfunk

Do not accept: yellow-bellied frog

see from above yellow belly frog (Bombina variegata) Like many other amphibians: gray-brown and unspectacular. If you look at the frogs from below, it becomes clear why the animal is called so: the abdomen is bright yellow. “Just look, don’t touch” It is the motto, because the yellow-bellied frog separates through its skin poison Away. This is not particularly dangerous to humans, but it can happen Severe irritation of the mucous membranes. Anyone who has touched a frog should wash their hands and not touch their eyes under any circumstances. The number of amphibians is Saarland It has fallen sharply in the past decades. you enter all counties Before, especially in the middle of the former mining industry in Saarbrucken Regional Association and in district of Neunkirchencensus in 2018 and 2019.

The poison of the yellow-bellied frog causes severe irritation of the mucous membranes. Photo: Peter Steffen/dpa-Bildfunk

Not an uncommon guest: the violet oil beetle

subordinate Violet oil insects (Meloe violaceus) is more common in the Saarland and, according to BUND, is mainly found in the East. Antibodies (with the main active ingredient .) can be poisoned cantharidinIt is secreted from the joints of its legs, which is reminiscent of oil in consistency and colour. Even if a few parts of a gram is injected into someone’s bloodstream, it is a poison deadly. Oral ingestion can lead to acute renal failure. Cantharidin is a relative of the purple oil beetle, and Spanish tieToday, it is also called sexual enhancer used. However, the active ingredient is only present in very low doses.

The oil beetle secretes a secretion.

Unclear and means: tick

Robert Koch Institute has Sarpfalz District Like TBE خطر danger zone announced. The risk of contracting the tick-borne encephalitis virus is particularly high there. In the worst cases, this disease threatens with encephalitis and meningitis. Cases of tuberculosis are not very common in Germany: last year there were 390 confirmed cases. However, one should be careful in the tall grass. When returning home, it is recommended to wash the skin afterwards tick (Ixodida) for research. The sooner you remove them, the lower the risk of disease. Vaccinations help against tuberculosis, as well as those transmitted by ticks Lyme disease However, there is no such option. Lyme disease can also lead to meningitis and neuritis. Paralysis is possible in severe cases. If the disease is caught early enough, it can be treated with antibiotics.

A tick bite can lead to Lyme disease and tuberculosis. Photo: Marijan Murad / dpa-Bildfunk

Lurking in the trees: the oak moth

In the summer, reports on Oak procession moth (Operation Thomtopoeia A). As a butterfly, it is actually completely harmless and inconspicuous. for him Larva On the other hand, it represents a real danger to human health: its hair is scattered and contained by the wind Thometopoeia poison. If hair touches human skin, it can severe allergic reactions Come. Then a rash, swelling, itching and even irritation of the respiratory tract are possible. Affected people can also have one Experience anaphylactic shock, which is life-threatening. The risks are particularly high between mid-May and the end of October. In the Saarland The oak parade butterfly is found mainly in the warmer regions around Saarbrücken and in Bliesgau and Saargau. But it has also been discovered in other parts of the country. If you want to be careful, it is best to avoid heavily infested areas or cover your mouth, nose and all open parts of the body.

The hair of the oak moth caterpillar can cause serious skin diseases. Photo: Bernd Thiessen/DPA-Bildfunk

Cute but poisonous: the fire salamander

She has great colors fire salamander (Salamandra salamandra) For good reason: It is intended to warn potential attackers of salamander toxicity. To defend itself, amphibians can secrete a toxic secretion through glands on their back and ears. If the poison gets on human skin, it can burn. But it becomes dangerous to other animals, for example dog or the cats. For example, if you put a fire salamander in your mouth, the poison can directly reach the body of the four-legged friend. Then paralysis, convulsions and even death are not excluded. According to the Ministry of Environment, the number of stock of fire salamanders in Saarland stable. They are found mainly in deciduous forests.

Fiery salamanders can be especially dangerous to other animals. Photo: Martin Schutt / dpa-Bildfunk

Not only annoying: grass mite

It became particularly uncomfortable in June of last year: At the level of Saarland Countless people were from grass mite Bite, in the Saarbrücken Regional Association even hundreds of students had to be sent home. Those affected expressed their concerns on social networks and shared ideas about a possible antidote. Grass mite bites are not dangerous in themselves. BUT: It itchs especially intense and for a long time. Who weakens and wounds with his fingers? scratcheshe can bacteria transfer. Unfortunately, sufferers then trade in localized inflammation or even septicemia. It is better to cool the bites or have a dermatologist prescribe a special anti-allergic drug. Some are also available in pharmacies without a prescription.

Even if it’s hard: You shouldn’t scratch grass mite bites. Photo: Friso Gentsch / dpa-Bildfunk

Biting: black fly

It grows from 2 to 6 millimeters in size black fly. Unlike many other mosquito species, Simulidae do not sting – they do bite. They suck blood from the sting wound with their tiny torso to feed themselves. can It hurts like hell. Severe swelling and irritation are not uncommon. In the worst case, bacteria can also penetrate into the wound, and then there is one wound Blood poisoning Maybe. Black flies are the most common watersWhere they lay their eggs. When it’s hot, they love to breed.

Black fly bites. Photo: Rneurauter, 0306-blackfly.Simuliidae (1), CC BY-SA 3.0

Sources used:
– private search
– Special Reports
– Atlas of Saarland spiders
German news agency
Saarland Ministry of Environment and Consumer Protection: Oak Butterfly (PDF)
– Norman Wagner, Gabe Stein, Wendelin Schmidt, Michael Brucher, Peter Schleich, Claudia Milan, Christoph Bernd, Anne Flutmann-Stoll and Hans-Joerg Flottmann: On the population status of the yellow-bellied frog Bombina frigata (Theinnaeus1758) in Saarland – a statewide review of previously known events and potentially suitable secondary habitats (PDF)
Saarbrücken Regional Association: Tick-borne diseases (PDF)
– Robert Koch Institute: Epidemiological Bulletin 9/2022 (PDF)
– Robert Koch Institute: answers to frequently asked questions about ticks, tick bites, infections
red list and total species list amphibians (amphibians) Saarland (PDF)
Saar Environmental Journal 1/2020, page 18 (“Summer Guest, Magic and Death”) (PDF)
– Wikipedia: Ammen-Dornfinger
– Wikipedia: Fire salamander
– Wikipedia: Yellow-bellied frog
– Wikipedia: Black flies
– Wikipedia: Spanish fly
– Wikipedia: Violet oil beetle
– picture:
Rneurauter, 0306-blackfly.Simuliidae (1), CC BY-SA 3.0
– Photo: Rainer Altenkamp, ​​Berlin, Cheiracanthium punctium W free 1 16 Fallow KarT 070916, CC BY-SA 3.0

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