Flies, bees and birds – animals that help in gardening

Pedestrians often stop at our garden, admiring the wild splendor and say with a sigh: “It’s too much work, a garden like that.” I smile and think of the fun I am having with this ‘work’, of which I prefer gardening to strength–and to the many helpers who support me. I don’t work in the garden alone. We have countless beneficial insects for gardening with us. In a healthy garden, they fly, shriek and growl in the air, crawling on the ground and digging in the soil. They keep pests away, loosen the soil, remove waste and ensure a bountiful harvest of fruits and vegetables. Overview:

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ladybug

Everyone knows them, and everyone loves them, funny spotted beetles. It is available in yellow, black or red with few or many dots. They are all useful, regardless of color or number of points. The single ladybird larva creates up to 3000 insects before pupating. The 22-spot beetle is not in nature: it feeds on powdery mildew. Lice are always there first, but you can count on beetles. At least if you create natural retreats and opportunities to hibernate in the form of restful mounds of leaves. You can also hang pine cones, under which the beetles can remain dry and protected under the scales.

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wild bee

The wild bee family is huge, there are more than 550 different species in Germany, including bumblebees. The good news: very few wild bees can sting. Wild bees help maintain diversity in the garden. Wildflowers and wild herbs depend on them for pollination. It is also useful for pollinating fruit and vegetable plants. Two thirds of the wild bee family live on the ground. So anyone who has seen a bee crawling out of a hole in the ground has likely discovered a bee burrow. You can support them by planting a variety of flowers and herbs, not uprooting every weed right away and allowing little wilderness corners with flowering speedflowers, dandelions, and dead plants. Some species rely on hollow plant stems for the winter, so don’t cut back perennials until spring.

the birds

Blackbirds, tits, robins and their associates help eliminate a number of pests. Caterpillars, lice, small snails, spiders and beetles are on their menu. Breasts, for example, feed their offspring with up to 100,000 insects. Birds are invited into the garden with nesting boxes and extra food in the winter. It doesn’t have to be an extra bird seed. It is enough to design the garden in several ways with perennials, shrubs and native trees and leave the dried seed heads until spring. Sunflower, amaranth and carnation seeds are very popular.

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wings

It is not easy to spot these beneficial creatures with their delicate and translucent elf wings. This is mainly due to the fact that adult animals are crepuscular and nocturnal. It – nicknamed the “lion aphid” – helps get rid of aphids and moths. The lace caterpillar eats up to 100 of them every day. The caterpillar wanders, shakes its head, and as soon as its jaw hits the lice, it bites. If you spot small white pellets on thin stems blowing in the wind like miniature balloons, these are stretched eggs. Female lacewings lay 100 to 900 of them near aphid colonies. They like to sleep among dry wood chips or in pinecones. It is better to fill in a red box and hang it under the eaves. Young wings can be attracted to the garden with catnip, they love the smell of leaves.

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worms

They shy away from the big stage and prefer to work in secret, but tirelessly there. It aerates the soil and produces the best compost. A worm pulls up to ten leaves underground night after night. There they decompose and increase the humus content. You can help the worms in their work by leaving out old leaves and plant debris, and occasionally providing a feast with a thin layer of grass clipping mulch.

urchin

Despite 6000 to 8000 columns per sample, it is very grainy. Since the animals are lactose intolerant, please do not leave any milk for them, they may actually die from this. Hedgehogs search the soil for grubs, ringed insects, and other invertebrates. Small snails and carrion are also on their menu – the perfect cleaners. These nocturnal animals are very noisy for their size: they grunt, grunt, grunt and whistle to themselves. It is best to leave a large pile of leaves in a corner of the garden. They like to make an apartment for the winter in it. If it is too messy for you or there is not enough space in the garden: the animals are also happy to accept or buy a hedgehog house that they built themselves.

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