Long-Covid also affects children: what symptoms should parents watch for

New data from Denmark: Has my child been infected with Covid for a long time? What are the symptoms that parents should watch out for?

Children rarely get seriously ill when they get coronavirus. However, some experience prolonged Covid symptoms after that. A new study shows what signs parents should look for.

When talking about Long-Covid, hardly anyone thinks of children. After all, only in a few cases do they become seriously ill after contracting the coronavirus. However, even the youngest develop symptoms after infection.

For this reason, Danish scientists have made it their mission to raise awareness of the prolonged signs of Covid in children. In a large-scale study, the “Long Covid Kids Survey,” they investigate the frequency with which these or related illnesses occur. OBJECTIVE: Early diagnosis and therefore better treatments.

The researchers have now published the results of their investigations in The Lancet. They analyzed the data of nearly 11,000 children aged 0 to 14 years. They had all tested positive for corona between early 2020 and July 2021.

For comparison, the researchers used a control group, in which at least 33,000 children were intentionally uninfected. The parents of all the children then answered questions about the classic symptoms of COVID-19, as well as their general health and well-being. The researchers also asked questions about fears and quality of life.

covid stages

Many confuse the terms “Long-Covid” and “Post-Covid”. As defined by the British National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE):

severe covid disease Symptoms and acute illness up to four weeks after infection.

Persistent covid disease Symptoms from four to twelve weeks after infection.

Post covid: Symptoms from twelve weeks after infection.

Long CovidSymptoms: from four weeks after infection. So, the period after acute covid illness, includes ongoing covid and post covid.

The most common prolonged Covid symptom in children

Scientists came to the following conclusion: symptoms appeared in both groups. This means that Long-Covid is not exclusively responsible for these signs of illness. It is also caused by other diseases. Otherwise the kids got infected but they didn’t know anything about it.

In general, the data show that children with confirmed infection were compared to the control group
More likely to have persistent symptoms.

The most common symptoms reported in
Children between the ages of zero and three years
they were

  • Mood Swings
  • rash
  • stomach pain
  • cough and
  • Anorexia

In most cases
children

Between four and eleven years old
From

  • Mood Swings
  • Difficulty remembering or concentrating and
  • rash

Children between the ages of twelve and fourteen
mainly suffered from

  • fatigue
  • mood swings and
  • Difficulty remembering or concentrating.

Infected children increasingly report prolonged Covid symptoms

Children who tested positive were more likely to name these persistent symptoms.

The increased rates may seem small at first. However, according to experts, it can have a significant impact. “Continuing high transmission of COVID-19 in many countries will result in a significant number of children contracting a potentially very debilitating disease for which there is currently no cure,” virologist Jeremy Rossman at the University of Kent in the UK told Science Media. center. In addition, the rate of children with Long-Covid may be higher than what was reported in the study. Since many young children have fewer symptoms, infection can therefore be easily overlooked in their case.

Experts: Long-Covid Needs More Research

“This important study underscores the urgent need for Long Covid research and ongoing prevention of Covid-19 infection in children and adults,” Rossman said.

According to the first data, Long-Covid is rather rare in the now prevalent variants of omicron. During the research period of Danish scientists, this was not yet dominant. However, the disease is still relevant. According to Rossmann, recent studies have indicated that the long-term incidence of COVID-19 could be as high as 43 percent worldwide.

“Long-Covid needs to be recognized,” the study authors emphasized. COVID multidisciplinary pediatric clinics can also improve future treatments.

Are children more susceptible to infection from the epidemic than Corona itself?

According to experts, there is another exciting finding: Older children who tested positive for coronavirus generally had higher quality of life and lower levels of anxiety than those in the control group. “This is further confirmation that while children are fortunately resilient to the direct effects of Covid, they are highly affected by the spillover effects of the pandemic and fear-inducing media messages,” said Michael Absod, a pediatrician at Kings College London. Centering” this result.

It is possible that society has underestimated the long-term impact of the pandemic rather than the virus on all children and the urgent need to restore health and welfare services.

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