Tick: These misconceptions about vampires persist

  • toDominic Jan

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Tick: The spider with its horror factor has many nasty quirks. To get rid of them, one should pay attention to certain details.

Ticks, very annoying and obnoxious vampires, are very active in the summer. Spiders evoke true feelings of terror in many people. No wonder, after all, that they can transmit diseases such as Lyme disease and tuberculosis. as such echo24.de Experts report that there is an increased risk of infection. But there are still a lot of misconceptions about ticks.

After all, ticks are distributed throughout the world and feed on the blood of many vertebrates. But it is true that ticks fall from trees. Do they sting or bite? Do they transmit the TBE virus only in southern Germany? Always untie the tick, otherwise it becomes dangerous? echo24.de Checks for tick errors.

Ticks: There are only danger zones in southern Germany

The first error: Ticks transmit pathogens only in southern Germany – this is not true. The zecken.de portal of the pharmaceutical company Pfizer notes that animals “Transmission of the TBE virus throughout Germany”. Although there are so-called TBE risk areas with a higher probability of contracting the virus through a tick bite, according to the report, there are now “Almost half of all urban and rural areas across Germany as a TBE risk area” Fired.

TBE risk areas in Germany

As zecken.de writes, TBE risk areas in Germany include large parts of Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg as well as parts of Hesse, Thuringia and Saxony. This could also include parts of Saxony-Anhalt, Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate. In addition, in recent years “The Emsland region in Lower Saxony is the first vulnerable region in northern Germany”. The Dresden metropolitan area is already classified as a TBE risk area. New regions since March 2022, classified by the Robert Koch Institute: three regions in Brandenburg (Oberspreewald-Lausitz, Oder-Spree and Spree-Neiße), two urban and rural regions of Saxony (Stadtkreis Chemnitz, Landkreis Görlitz) and Stadtkreis Solingen In North Rhine-Westphalia . There are now a total of 175 risk areas in Germany.

This is how ticks transmit the virus to humans

Second error: Tick ​​bites – not true. They belong to the group of arachnids and have a stinging apparatus with many small spines. As health portal apotheken.de describes, among other things, “They scratch the skin of the host with the claws of their jaws, then pierce the wound with a perforator.”.

The problem is not actually the bites, the tick’s saliva brings danger. This contains viruses, bacteria, and many other pathogens. Borrelia, the causative agents of Lyme disease, are frequently transmitted. In addition, some viruses lead to tick-borne encephalitis (TBE), for which there is a vaccine.

Where ticks especially often lie

Third error: Where do ticks lie? Many people still think that ticks fall from trees – this is not true. Parasites like to stay in bushes and grass. They can then simply be stripped away by animals or people. As apotheken.de writes, vampires feel “Only permanently comfortable with humidity of at least 80 percent over several days and weeks”. So the forests of Central Europe top the list.

But permanently shaded lawns and forest edges, as well as groups of trees or shrubs in parks, can also become home to ticks. There is always a danger lurking in your own garden. According to experts, they are less popular Dry, open areas exposed to the sun.

How to remove a tick: twist or pull

Fourth error: Always remove the tick from the skin – this is not true. The tick portal of the Pfizer vaccine manufacturer sees various details to consider. That’s why she says: The correct technique depends on the type of tick removal tool used. With all aids, it is important that ticks are caught as closely as possible.”.

Anyway, this is very important “Tick compression and thus release of dangerous bodily fluids” to avoid. Those affected should also refrain from vigorous jerks. Rotation is not necessary. The rule is: up close, slowly, and in a controlled manner.

In addition, after a tick bite, you should definitely avoid using gasoline, nail polish remover and alcohol to remove the animal. These factors do not help, but, according to experts, they increase the risk of transmission of pathogens.

Ticks: No real protection – or is it there?

Fifth error: There is no real protection against ticks – this is only partially true. You can definitely do something against the bad parasite. It is always a good idea to cover yourself with long clothing if possible and to wear sturdy shoes.

But for the experts at zecken.de, there’s more that can be done against ticks. How to prevent tick bites:

  • Wear closed-front clothing with long sleeves and long pants. Pull the socks over the legs of the pants. Ticks do not crawl at a height of more than 1.50 m and therefore prefer to stick to the legs of the pants. Rubber boots help, too.
  • Wear light-coloured clothing. Here, the tick can be better identified and possibly removed before the bite.
  • Avoid tall weeds and shrubby plants. Ticks especially like to sit in leaf litter in the forest. Here temperatures are pleasant for animals even in winter. “Ticks also like to use the long blades of grass in uncultivated lawns, along a roadside or on a riverbank.”.
  • Use insect repellent. So-called insect repellents don’t just keep mosquitoes away.
  • Always check your body after spending time in nature. Prefer ticks according to zecken.de “Thin, warm patches of skin. So you should check carefully for ticks in the cavities of your knees, in the abdomen, chest and in the vulvar area. In children, the head, hairline and neck are also most commonly affected.”

According to experience, many home remedies such as black cumin oil have little or no effect against ticks. However, all experts agree that there is no such thing as 100% protection. Therefore, a TBE vaccination provides a last-ditch protection. There is no such vaccination option for Lyme disease pathogens. Here you have to be quick and hopeful. She says: The pathogen needs at least 12 hours to be transmitted to the human being.

List of rules: © Patrick Pleul / dpa

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