It is not always easy to get a child to wear a bike helmet. “Not nice” or “annoying” are often quick excuses. Although the wearing of helmets is not mandatory in Germany, it is advisable to wear a headgear. Children in particular are among the most vulnerable road users. They often don’t know the rules well enough, underestimate situations or are simply ignored by drivers because of their size.
IMTEST tested five models of current brands from Abus, Alpina, Giro, Specialized and Uvex between €49.95 and €85 in practice and in a TÜV Süd test lab. You can read here how well babies are held and how strong they can withstand heavy falls.
A helmet is not just a helmet. Despite the optical component, the most important thing is that the helmet fits correctly. It should not sit crooked, swaying, or protrude far in the neck. It should also cover the forehead, temples and the back of the head completely. All test models have a soft, replaceable gasket so that nothing gets pinched. With a small wheel at the back, all helmets can be individually adjusted to the head. Models from Abus and Alpina also have an additional vertical size adjustment on the inside. The chin strap should be adjusted so that only one finger fits between the strap and the chin. Since each baby’s head is individual at the end, it is recommended that you take the baby with you when purchasing it.
All helmets must meet this requirement
In order for helmets to be sold in Germany at all, they must meet the DIN EN 1078 standard. This states that bicycle helmets must withstand a collision speed of 19.5 kilometers per hour. This is measured in the event of a fall 250 times the acceleration due to gravity. IMTEST actually tested helmets for adults last year. The following article reveals how the exhibitors performed.
How well do bicycle helmets protect against head impact on asphalt or sheet metal? IMTEST sent five samples to the laboratory.
Mips stands for Multi-Directional Impact Protection System and is an additional safety technology that some helmets, such as Specialized and Giro helmets, offer in this testing area. There is a second mobile shell under the outer shell, which is located directly on the head. If there is an oblique effect, the resultant rotational force is redirected by this movable casing. This should give the head additional protection.
This is how well test helmets protect
The five test models had to undergo four different tests at TÜV Süd:
- tape test
- frontal shock test
- Side impact test
- chin strap test
In the tape test Tested how well the helmet stays on the head in the event of a fall. The helmet fits snugly over the test head, but only so far remains comfortable for the wearer. The result: On all helmets, the straps shift slightly between 12.8 degrees on the Abus and 20.5 degrees on Specialized.
Only with the hlmt 4 from Uvex is the shift slightly greater at 32.4 degrees. The helmet cover can slide forward proportionally. However, since the helmet covers a very large area of the head due to its construction, it meets the requirements of the test standard DIN EN 1078, just like other models. As a result, the result is harmless in terms of safety.
This is what happens upon impact
at two shock tests As the crash speed increased, TÜV tested what could happen in a subsequent frontal and side impact collision. In the case of a frontal collision, values 20 percent higher than normal were used. The goal was to find out if the test models also had reserves and whether they provided sufficient shock absorption even in the event of a stronger impact.
That means: at about 23.4 kilometers per hour, the TÜV Süd crashed the helmets into the front of a flat bottom from a height of 2.20 meters. Satisfaction: All models have adequately protected the doll’s head. EPS (Expanded Polystyrene = Helmet Building Material) had visible damage on all helmets, visible cracks, but the helmet cover remained intact throughout. In the event of a fall off the handlebars with a frontal impact on the asphalt, all helmets provide sufficient reserves, even if they exceed the standard specification.
The test candidates, already beaten, proved as unaffected as they were harsh in the subsequent side collision from a height of about 1.90 meters and a speed of 21.6 kilometers per hour. The specified parameters are ten percent higher than the standard specifications. Result: EPS is broken in all candidates, but the helmet shell remains undamaged.
With the exception of the Abus model, all helmets remain sub-standard when hit again and in some cases undermine them significantly. With Youn_i 2.0 from Abus, reserves have been used, which means that another impact on the helmet would be dangerous to the head. However, the criterion was also met with Abus and thus a satisfactory result was provided.
In general, it can be said that no helmet shows any weaknesses, even after the second strong impact. The stability of the projectiles is more than sufficient even after two shock tests.
This is what happens to seat belts in an accident
In a final test, TÜV Süd tested how a file chin strap Acting after a sudden pregnancy. It must be determined whether it ruptures and stretches and whether the chin lock can also be opened under load. In practice, this means: as tight as possible, as comfortable as necessary. But here, too, all the candidates shone with good values and remained well below the standard requirements.
LED lamp for kids random
Alpina Pico Flash
Abus Youn_I 2.0.2 Update
Yufix Helmet 4
Jiro Tremore Child Maps
If you are looking for a model for your child among these five helmets, the LED Shuffle Child LED is the right choice. But all other models also convince with good results at TÜV Süd. Often it is only nuances that make the difference here, such as the light present or the type of processing.
However, it can be said that there is no masking helmet when opening and closing. This is not possible with one hand on any model, kids have to try something at first in order to put the limbs together correctly.
It is also noted that the Giro’s integrated and specialized Mips technology does not appear to be critical to the results. Because with Specialization, the Mips helmet is in first place and with the Giro in third.