Signs of heat stroke – symptoms in humans, dogs, cats and horses

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The heat wave in Germany is dangerous not only for humans, but also for dogs, cats and horses. risk of heat stroke. However, the symptoms of heat stroke can be recognized. (kreiszeitung.de assembly) © YAY Images / MedienServiceMüller / Imago

The heat wave has reached Lower Saxony and in some places temperatures have risen to more than 40 degrees. However, the sun and heat are such a rapid health hazard that there is a risk of heat stroke or heat stroke – not only in humans, but also in dogs, cats or horses. These are the symptoms.

Berlin – It’s hot in Germany and Lower Saxony, and temperatures are expected to reach 40 degrees due to the heat wave. This can quickly become dangerous. Because heat can quickly lead to heat stroke or heat stroke. And not only in humans, dogs, cats or horses can also be affected. However, there are clear symptoms that make it possible to recognize heat stroke in animals and humans.

Warmest day in Germany: the temperature in Lower Saxony reaches 40 degrees – heat stroke and heat stroke threaten people and animals

The German Weather Service (DWD) warns of a heat wave across Germany. No wonder, as currently, on July 19, 2022, the temperature is above 30 degrees across Germany, and even 40 degrees in some places due to the heat wave. The evening should bring a little relief only today. Data from DWD shows that the temperature should be 36 degrees in Bremen and 39 degrees in Cologne – at night the temperature only drops below 20 degrees in the south. In many places, this heat is a burden to people. But they’re not the only ones at risk of heat stroke or heat stroke. It can also affect animals.

Heat wave in Lower Saxony and Germany: the sweating will continue tomorrow

The heat shock is expected to continue in Germany tomorrow (July 20, 2022). If in the south the day begins at 13-18 degrees, in the west and east up to 21 degrees, and on the coasts by 19 degrees, then it becomes hot again during the day. The heat wave is moving east and causing Leipzig to sweat with temperatures up to 39 degrees. In Bremen and Hamburg temperatures rise to 37 degrees, while in the south it burns from 31 to 35 degrees. Heat stroke or heat stroke can happen quickly. Animals such as dogs, cats, and horses can also be affected. It will only cool locally in the West. The reason: showers and sometimes heavy thunderstorms. Storms are also possible locally, according to the DWD.

Heat wave tips: Signs of heat stroke and what to do about it

Prolonged heat can affect the body, resulting in heat emergencies. Record-breaking summer temperatures can quickly lead to serious health complications such as heat stroke or heat stroke. However, symptoms and signs can be recognized. Dry, hot skin and an increased body temperature are among the first signs of heat stroke. A sudden rapid pulse and the onset of fatigue can be a symptom of heat stroke or heat stroke. The situation becomes especially critical when the person in question complains of cramps, vomiting, or shows signs of confusion and hallucinations. The person should then seek medical treatment in any case.

How do I know the heat stroke?

Heatstroke comes with a number of symptoms and signs. They are: high body temperature, dry skin, rapid heart rate, tiredness or fatigue, convulsions, vomiting, dizziness, confusion, and hallucinations.

Signs of heat stroke: Drink plenty of mineral water

Drinking plenty is also important if you develop symptoms of heat stroke or heat stroke. Mineral water is better than tap water. Mineral water contains substances such as magnesium, calcium and sodium, which the body loses when sweating. On the other hand, alcohol should be avoided, especially during a heat wave or on the hottest days of the year.

Indicative amounts of water intake through drinks – without ingestion of water through solid food – according to the German Society for Nutrition eV

  • Children from 0 to less than 4 months – 620 ml / day
  • Infants 4 to under 12 months – 400ml/day
  • Children from 1 to 4 years – 820 ml / day
  • Children from 10 to under 13 years old – 1130 ml / day
  • Adolescents and adults, by age between 1,310 and 1,530 ml/day
  • Lactation 1710 ml / day

The difference between heat stroke and heat stroke: The heat wave in Germany in 2022 could lead to health problems

The symptoms of heat stroke and heat stroke are very similar, but there are differences. As the names suggest, heat stroke is caused by heat and heat stroke is caused by sunlight. When you get heatstroke, only your head is hot. In the case of heat stroke, the sufferer often complains of headache, dizziness and nausea, just as in the case of heat stroke. In addition, the skin feels heat everywhere, not only on the head but on the whole body. Although the symptoms of heat stroke are almost identical to the symptoms of heat stroke, there is one important difference. Heatstroke symptoms do not appear immediately as with heatstroke, but they are delayed for hours.

Black dog lying in a meadow
Dogs can also be affected by heat stroke. Signs of this could be neck tightening, prolonged panting, and prolonged tongue sticking. (Iconic image) © Norman Krauß / Shotshop / Imago

Heat stroke in dogs: these are the signs and symptoms

But not only people are affected by the heat from the heat wave, animals can also be affected. Heat stroke is also easily recognizable in man’s best friend – the dog. Fur noses often show symptoms such as constant and heavy panting and, depending on the breed, an unusually high level of salivation. A good sign of heat stroke in dogs to check is the inner parts of the ears. If it’s red and very hot, it could be heat stroke. The dog often also stretches unusually. If the dog’s neck is extended and the tongue sticks out too far, this is another warning sign. In addition, very hot dogs are often agitated, nervous, or panicky unusually quickly.

How do I recognize heat stroke in my dog?

Dogs can also suffer from heat stroke. However, symptoms can also be seen in dogs. They are: constant and heavy panting, profuse drooling, red and hot from inside the ears, elongation of the neck and tongue, as well as anxiety, nervousness and panic.

Heat stroke in cats: a closer look at the symptoms and signs needed

Cats can also feel bad when the temperature is very high, such as during a heat wave. Like dogs, they can suffer from heat stroke. However, you need to take a closer look here, because cats are usually less communicative than their fellow animals. Heat stroke in cats is indicated by an increased respiratory rate. The special feature: the cat begins to breathe through its mouth. You do this because of shortness of breath that can be caused by extreme heat. A weak, restless general condition and fatigue can also indicate heat stroke. In the event that a cat has a heat stroke, it is also advisable to place one hand on the side of the cat. If you feel an increased pulse rate and shallow breathing, these are clear signs of overheating. It becomes extremely dangerous when the cat loses consciousness. At this point, she should be taken to a vet immediately.

How do I recognize heat stroke in my cat?

Cats can suffer from heat stroke just like humans. Symptoms of heat stroke are an increased rate of breathing through the mouth, poor general disturbed condition and symptoms of fatigue, increased heart rate and shallow breathing, and eventually loss of consciousness.

Heat stroke in horses: Weak and elderly animals are particularly at risk – but the symptoms are recognizable

In addition to cats and dogs, horses can also suffer from heat stroke. Old and sick horses in particular can quickly develop circulatory problems that can lead to the animal’s death. But the signs of heat stroke are also recognizable in a horse. Horses start to sweat quickly in high temperatures, which can be caused by a heat wave like this. Head sagging and weak or cramped muscles can be symptoms of heat stroke. If the horse looks dull and tired, that could also be a sign. In addition, horses often refuse to eat during heat stroke.

Signs of heat stroke in horses: Skin fold test shows dehydration

Also, dehydration in a horse is a strong sign of heat stroke. You can easily check the water content of an animal using what is called a skinfold test. To do this, fold the skin over the horse’s neck or shoulder and gently pull it away from the body. If the skin fold persists for more than two seconds, this is an indication that mild dehydration has occurred. However, if the skin fold persists for more than 5 seconds, this is called severe dehydration. from animal.

How do I recognize heat stroke in my horse?

Horses can also suffer from heat stroke, just like dogs and cats. Older or sick animals are especially at risk. But the symptoms of heat stroke can also be seen in the horse. These are profuse sweating, hanging of the head and weak or tight muscles, tiredness and dullness, refusal to eat and dehydration.

What do you do in an emergency heat? Regardless of whether it is a human, dog, cat or horse, excessive heat leads to health risks

And what if your own measures didn’t help and the dog, cat, horse, or even people didn’t calm down? Heat damage, both in humans and animals, should always be avoided. Heat stroke or heat stroke is especially dangerous for the brain. In an emergency due to heat, there are a number of procedures to consider.

What do you do in an emergency heat?

People who are unconscious or delirium, who have convulsions, and who have hot, dry skin need immediate help. Call an ambulance and move the injured person into the shade. The person’s legs should be raised. If possible, cool the person externally with cool compresses or some water. Persons who are unconscious should be placed in the recovery position. Animals should definitely be taken to a vet.

It is especially important to bring infected people to a cool place in the shade as soon as possible and offer something to drink. There are also plenty of tips and tricks to calm the body. In any case, further exposure to the sun should be avoided. Call an ambulance or vet and wait for professional help.

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