Rabbits are sensitive animals that can react very sensitively to stress and, depending on their “breed”, are particularly susceptible to certain diseases. Find out more about the most common rabbit diseases, their symptoms, and how you can protect your animal companion here.
The Five Most Common Diseases in Rabbits: Tips for Recognition, Prevention and Help
If hygiene and breeding conditions are poor, rabbits are easily infected with fleas, mites and flying worms. Therefore, watch your roommate closely: changes in behavior such as increased and intense scratching can indicate parasites, for example.
Contact with animals and humans, improper food, stress and many other factors affect the health of sensitive animals. Here you will find information on the most common rabbit diseases and how to recognize them.
1. Dental problems
Rabbits often have dental problems – the reason is that their teeth grow throughout their lives. Usually they can be eroded by gnawing and chewing, but if this is not done, the following reasons can be responsible:
- misaligned teeth, which often affects only the incisors, can cause the teeth to grow in longer. This may injure the rabbit itself.
- no The right food for the species This problem can be exacerbated. With the consumption of foods suitable for species rich in raw fiber, the teeth of animals are ground, for example with hay. On the other hand, fresh and young grass is fairly low in raw fiber and therefore should only be served in servings.
- In many rabbit breeds, such as the dwarf rabbit, the head gets smaller – But with the same number of teeth. These animals are called torture breeds.
symptoms: the rabbit refuses to eatAlthough he is interested in food. Rabbits with dental problems Weight loss It is often powerful drooling. Elongated teeth may also be visible, and they protrude most prominently from the rabbit’s mouth.
Psychiatric treatment: If you suspect dental problems, seek advice from a veterinarian and change your diet if necessary. Veterinarians can shorten the teeth under sedation if necessary. However, in the event of an acute refusal to eat, a veterinarian should be consulted immediately, since these symptoms can quickly become life-threatening due to the sensitivity of the digestive system of animals.
2. Ear infection
Some rabbits suffer from frequent ear infections – animals affected by this infection are particularly affected Flexible long ears Like ram rabbits. Reduced air supply promotes the growth of bacteria and fungi in the inner ear, middle ear, or in the external auditory canal. These conditions also provide nearly ideal living conditions for parasites such as ear mites. Ear infection can also Rabbit sniffing result They occur because the nasal and auditory canals are close together.
symptomsWhen the rabbit breeds shake headto me Ear scratchesThe head tiltsWho does not close the eyelids completely, inflates it secretion separates or completely uncomfortable going In the ears can be a sign of otitis. Typical symptoms of inflammation include Indifference and pain. However, the disease itself is often invisible and must be diagnosed by veterinarians.
Psychiatric treatmentIf you suspect your companion animal has an ear infection, seek veterinary advice immediately. Veterinarians can diagnose the cause of the discomfort and treat it accordingly – for example by cleaning the ear, using pain relievers, or with antibiotics and antiparasitics.
3. Gases when refusing food: addiction to drums
Does your rabbit refuse to eat and eat one stomach bloating, are signs of so-called tympanic addiction, also known as flatulence, gas, or eardrums. This is a rabbit disease of the digestive system, which within a short period Time leads to death Could you. Anorexia And constipation is very dangerous, because the sensitive digestive system of animals depends on the regular supply of food. Since rabbits’ intestines do not have muscle, regular eating pushes the food through the digestive system. If no new food follows, the old food stays in place and begins to ferment there, which can eventually lead to life-threatening gas in the rabbit’s stomach.
symptomsDoes your rabbit suffer from: AnorexiaAnd the ConstipationOne stomach bloatingAnd the Indifference and pain, and drums He. She clear with pawsthis is one Emergency: Act immediately and have the animal examined and treated by a veterinarian immediately.
Psychiatric treatmentIf your rabbit develops these symptoms, you should take it to the vet office immediately. The catalyst can be the fermentation of wet “green fodder” or dry food containing grains in the stomach. A strict straw-water diet is often prescribed as an acute treatment for pain and bloating.
4. Viral infection
Rabbits are susceptible to various viral diseases, including the so-called rabbit cold and RHD virus, also known as China disease.
Respiratory diseases such as colds occur in rabbits through contamination of some species. Drafts, poor sanitary conditions and stress help with such infections. The nasolacrimal duct is often affected, which can lead to inflammation of the eyes, as well as inflammation of the ears. If rabbits are particularly sensitive, as is often the case with breeding tortures due to altered skull anatomy, rabbit cold can also become chronic.
symptoms: the animals sneezing Multiplied, there is one too discharge from the nose to observe. you suffer from Shortness of breath And the Anorexia. If the tear duct is affected, watery eyes can also occur.
Psychiatric treatment: If you suspect your rabbit is cold, your roommate should be treated by a vet. With antibiotics, most animals recover quickly from the infection. Inhalation can increase the rabbit’s well-being in a gentle way, especially in the case of chronic colds.
RHD virus or China epidemic
RHD is a serious and widespread infectious disease in rabbits. Most sick animals die within a few days without regular vaccination.
symptoms: RHD is usually fatal unnoticed. May show signs of infection Bloody discharge from the nose Such as bloody secretions As a result of a blood clotting disorder, Shortness of breath And the Fever is being. Occurrence is also a distinctive feature jaundice As an expression of hepatitis that appears mainly in hair-less areas, mucous membranes and eyes.
Psychiatric treatment: If the disease is recognized in time, intensive parenteral therapy is necessary to strengthen and stabilize the animal. However, in most cases, the virus is fatal. So should the owners of rabbits preventive with annual preventive vaccination And find out more vets. Above all, rabbits kept outside are at particular risk of infection.
5. Encephalitozoonosis or “crooked head”
As with many other small animals, parasites can cause various diseases in rabbits. This also includes brain diseaseIt is also known as “crooked head” and is transmitted by parasites via feces and urine.
symptoms: in balance disordersAnd the Prolonged head cramps and tilts And the paralysis Immediate veterinary evaluation is required – without treatment, rabbits can die from the disease.
Psychiatric treatment: There is usually no cure for this disease, but many rabbits can still live with it. If there are “relapses” in which the rabbit is significantly worse, the symptoms can be treated by the vet and the rabbit’s well-being can be increased again.
Can rabbit diseases be transmitted to humans?
With a few exceptions, rabbit diseases cannot be transmitted to humans. The exception is encephalomyelitis or the disease known as “crooked head”. This disease and others must be prevented Some hygiene rules Comply – this is especially true when children are in contact with animals:
- After physical contact with rabbits and after cleaning the enclosure, the cleaning hands will.
- Extensive contact should be avoided. For example, rabbits do not belong to the bed.
- Rabbits and owners benefit from proper vaccination and regular veterinary visits.
Keeping Rabbits Happy and Healthy – Best Tips for Keeping the Right Species
Good and suitable living conditions for the species are the best protection against most rabbit diseases. Here you will find all the important information about keeping rabbits properly.