Swine fever and African swine fever – what animals are at risk of being killed?

What applies to suspected or epidemic cases in your company?

Before the official identification of swine fever or African swine fever:

If there is a suspicion of swine fever or African swine fever, and if the investigations required for this reason indicate an outbreak of animal disease, the competent authority shall order the killing of all pigs in the suspected stock, paragraph 4 paragraph 1 s. 2. No. 2 SchwPestV (swine fever list). To the extent that there is no conflict of interest in the fight against epidemics, Could you Authority refrains from killing and instead orders official surveillance of the suspected farm, § 4 Paragraph 1 S.4 SchwPestV. This decision is at the discretion of the authority.

If your company is divided into different divisions, the responsible authority can approve exceptions for individual company divisions and in this way refrain from killing orders, Paragraph 8 Paragraph 1 SchwPestV. A separate operating division within the meaning of the decree is a spatially and technically defined area of ​​a company that is completely separate from the other areas of the company due to its structure, scope and function in relation to animal husbandry, including care, feeding and disposal, Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 No. 2 SchwPestV. On the other hand, operation shall be understood to mean all hogs or other sites for the permanent or temporary holding of hogs, including outbuildings and associated buildings, which constitute a unit in terms of actual use and spatial arrangement, in particular supply and disposal, para 1 para 2 No. 1 SchwPestV. Slaughterhouses, transportation and facilities with a size of more than 25 hectares of wild boar are excluded from this.

kill pigs Could you It can also be requested if swine fever or African swine fever is suspected if the animals are already in the slaughterhouse or in the mode of transport, § 23 Paragraph 1 No. 1 SchwPestV. This decision is also at the discretion of the authority.

After the official detection of swine fever or African swine fever:

If the competent authority officially detects an outbreak of swine fever or African swine fever, it orders the immediate killing of pigs, Paragraph 6 Paragraph 1 No. 2 SchwPestV. Also in this case, exceptions may be approved upon request if there are separate operational divisions, Section 8 (1) SchwPestV.

Killing is also required if pigs are already passing through or in a slaughterhouse and animal disease outbreaks are not identified until then, 23 paragraph 2 in combination with 23 paragraph 1 m2 No. 1 SchwPestV.

What applies to surrounding livestock owners if animal disease does not spread on their farms?

As an area livestock owner, you may be affected if you keep your animals within a restricted area, observation area, or pollination area, or because your farm is classified as a contact farm.

restricted area:

The competent authority defines the so-called restricted area with a radius of at least 3 km around the affected farm. It takes into account, among other things, the results of epidemiological studies, the structures of trade and domestic pig breeding, the presence of slaughterhouses, borders and monitoring options, § 11 para 1 SchwPestV.

Observation area:

The authority places a so-called monitoring area around this restricted area in accordance with Article 11a, paragraph 1 of SchwPestV. The observation area (including the restricted area) has a radius of at least 10 km. When defining the area, the authority takes into account the potential spread of pathogens, the structures of the domestic pig trade and breeding, the presence of slaughterhouses, natural boundaries, surveillance options and the results of epidemiological investigations carried out.

vaccination area:

With the approval of the European Commission, the competent highest authority of the country can order emergency vaccination against swine fever in a particular area, which is then called the vaccination area, § 13 SchwPestV.

contact process:

A contact farm can be assumed if epidemiological investigations show that swine fever or African swine fever has spread from another farm. Brought or to another company continued It may have been carried out or there are indications that animal disease was brought into the company by wild boars. The authority first requires monitoring of at least 40 days of the communication process, § 12 para 1 SchwPestV. If the epidemiological situation requires it, the killing of pigs must be ordered, § 12 Paragraph 3 No. 2 SchwPestV.

The following applies to all the options just described (restricted area, observation area, pollination area, contact process):

If it is necessary for reasons of disease control, in particular to eliminate the source of infection more quickly, Could you Competent authority orders the killing of pigs, § 14 SchwPestV. This decision is at the discretion of the authority.

What if you suspect or have an outbreak of swine fever or African swine fever in the wild boar?

swine fever

§ § § § § 14 a to 14 c SchwPestV contains regulations if swine fever is suspected or an official swine fever outbreak has occurred. There is no basis for delegation of authority to issue killing orders.

African swine fever:

§ §§ 14 d to 14 j SchwPestV contains regulations if African swine fever is suspected or an official African swine fever outbreak has occurred. Also in this context, there is no basis for delegation of authority to issue orders to kill.

However, Article 25a of SchwPestV gives the authority to take further measures – including the killing of pigs – insofar as this is necessary to combat the disease and that the legal actions of the European Communities or the European Union do not conflict with this. However, the prerequisite is recognition of an outbreak of swine fever or African swine fever; So skepticism is no longer enough. Furthermore, the Authority complies with the additional requirements of Section 38 (11) TierGesG: such a measure can only be enacted if the regulation has not already been made by a lawful order or if the regulation issued by a lawful order is not inconsistent. Because SchwPestV meets these requirements, a kill order can also be issued in this manner in the event of an outbreak of swine fever or African swine fever in a wild boar.

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