Spiders frighten or disgust many people. Reports of the Nosferatu spider that migrated to Germany add to these concerns. The animal itself is very shy and can also help keep insects away.
Where do nosferatu spiders come from?
original Zoropsis spinimana, the Latin name for spiders Nosferatu, native to the Mediterranean region and North Africa. There they live in sparse forests, hiding under stones and tree bark during the day and out hunting at night. However, spiders have also adapted to living with humans. So they can also be found in and inside buildings – and without any spider webs at all. They can survive well in warm basements and garages without any external influences.
Where are the new distribution areas?
The first specimens of this species were discovered more than 20 years ago in Switzerland in the Basel region and Austria, that is, outside their native range. In Germany, there was the first confirmed sighting in Baden-Württemberg in 2005. So far, there have been several sightings, including Mannheim, Berlin and Cologne. “It now appears that the species also feels at home north of the Alps, but so far only close to humans,” Roland Mühlethaler of NABU, Germany, says in an interview with ntv.de. According to horizon reports compiled by Arachnologische Gesellschaft eV, there is a clear accumulation west of the Rhine. From here it appears that the species is spreading north. Warm summers and mild winters make this possible.
How did spiders reach Germany?
Spiders can spread in many different ways. “They could have arrived in Germany in vacationers’ luggage, in cars or in freight,” explains the biologist. According to the current spread data, experts assume an accumulation west of the Rhine and spread through road traffic. “Individual specimens found in Bremen or Berlin, for example, are probably not souvenirs from the south. They most likely come from this area west of the Rhine.”
Where are nosferatu spiders usually found in the home?
“You often find them in the basement, in garages, but sometimes also on the fourth floor of an apartment building,” Mohlthaler explains. Since they are land-hunting animals, they will also mainly be in homes there. spider can Climbing walls and even panes of glass due to the presence of special sticky bristles on their legs. Chased as a representative of the so-called spiders curly hunting Zoropsis spinimana Not with spider webs, but still having the ability to spin threads. She uses this to weave her eggs in a cocoon. It kills its prey with its poisonous sting.
How do you recognize the spider Nosferatu?
The animal can be clearly identified by the specific markings on the front of its back, which also gave it its name. With a little imagination, the two black dots could remember a vampire. Specifically, a vampire named Nosferatu, played by Max Schreck in Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau’s classic “Nosferatu-Symphonie des Grauens” from 1922. Although Nosferatu spiders do not feed on blood, there are some similarities with the prosthetic character. : Nocturnal character way of life and poisonous bites. The body length of an adult spider is 1.5-2 cm, and its long legs can reach 6 cm. The color of the spider is yellow-white-gray with black accents. Anyone who discovers a specimen can report it directly to the NABU Nature Watch Project, preferably with a photo.
What do you do when you find a spider nosferatu on you?
“It’s best to leave it where it is,” Moulthaler says. Because nosferatu spiders are also beneficial insects that eliminate insects. Insects, woodlice, or other spiders are on their list. However, if you cannot stand the presence of the animal, you can catch the spider with a sufficiently large cup and a piece of paper and release it into the open air. To do this, place the glass over the animal and slide the paper under it.
But what about venomous spider bites?
“Nosferrato spiders are shy animals and tend to run away when people get too close to them,” Mohlthaler says. However, if it is cornered, a nosferatu spider can also bite. The animal secretes a poison. People who have been bitten by a nosferatu spider compare the sting to a bee or wasp sting, which is usually unpleasant but harmless. Allergens who react to insect bites should steer clear of them.