The Natural History Museum presents the current state of research – Südtirol News

Bolzano – Over the past few years, more than 30 researchers, mostly from South Tyrol and the rest of Italy and Austria, have been conducting research on the flora and fauna of South Tyrol in collaboration with colleagues from Switzerland, Austria, Germany, the Netherlands, England, Finland and the Czech Republic. But also from Canada, Brazil and Ghana. The results of this work will be presented on September 16 at a conference organized by the Museum of Natural History in Bolzano.

According to current knowledge, more than 25,000 native species of animals, plants and fungi live in South Tyrol. Which of the following is currently attracting the most attention from researchers? The conference “Zoology and Botany Research in South Tyrol” deals with the most interesting research projects on zoological, plant and ecological topics that have been carried out in South Tyrol or related to South Tyrol. It has been worked on by researchers working at universities, museums and other research institutions in Germany and abroad. 30 of them will present the latest research results to the public at the conference. It will be held next Friday, September 16, at Kolpinghaus in Bosen, organized by the Museum of Natural History of South Tyrol every two years, and for the twelfth time this year.

One of the projects concerns 26 species of bats in South Tyrol, all of which are protected because they are in decline and provide important services to humans, for example B. in pest control. The study, during which bat calls were recorded using ultrasonic detectors over a three-year period, aims to help improve the landscape management of this species. “The results show that bat diversity is greater in a mosaic of different habitats,” explains Chiara Panicia, a researcher at Eurac Research. Additionally, natural structural elements such as tree rows and fence trees favor more bat species, particularly in agricultural areas. We found most species near water sources and vineyards, while inhabited areas are frequented by some species that have adapted to coexist with humans.”

South Tyrol fir bark beetles are also the subject of a research project. A team from the Free University of Posen, the University of Innsbruck and the State Office of Forest Planning analyzed how these animals behave in different wood piles in the laboratory and in the open air near Mauls in Wipptal. “We generated six piles from pure fir and six from spruce and pine and observed that the incidence in mixed wood piles is much lower,” explains researcher Cynthia Ceder from the Free University of Bozen Bolzano. After further investigations in the lab, I was also able to identify different emissions from trees before and after the beetles invade and analyze how bark beetles repel or are attracted to pine and spruce essential oils.

In another project, researchers from the Bolzano Department of the Veneto Zooprophylactic Institute spent more than three years studying the fox tapeworm in South Tyrol: they analyzed the presence of this tapeworm in the red fox, and for the first time the role of a mediator. The hosts, that is, small rodents, in which the tapeworm lives in the larval stage. “We found that the tapeworm in foxes is more prevalent than would be expected in some areas,” summarizes one of the researchers involved, Julia Burton, “This should not be underestimated and further research should be done.”

Research projects on birds, grasshoppers, butterflies, plant lice, fish, snakes, insects, spiders, invertebrates, rodents, stink bugs, bees, tree fuzz, studies on the consequences of fall 2018 windfall gains on specific plants, on the structure of the forest also will be presented At the Conference and Development in South Tyrol, about horticulture, herb farming and biodiversity in herb farming companies.

The conference will take place at Bolzano Kolping House from 8:00 AM to 12:50 PM and from 2:00 PM to 7:00 PM. Participation is free, registration under the link https://www.natura.museum/de/tagung2022/ is required by Thursday 12 noon. The conference languages ​​are German, Italian or English (without simultaneous translation).

From: mk

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